Bioremediation with Fungi- Cultivating Mushrooms for Mycoremediation
Mycoremediation is a form of bioremediation in which fungi-based technology is used to decontaminate the environment.
The term soil refers to a living material composed of minerals, organisms, and the gasses and water between. Likened to an organ of the Earth, much like our skin, teeming with an enormous diversity of beings both macro and microscopic sharing an array of landscapes, food sources, and social roles. Many factors determine the balance of organisms, and the fate of the soil itself. Naturally speaking the water content, temperature, and pH control the direction of activities going on. Anthropocentrically speaking human activity and interest often effect the fate, as we have invested interests in soil and it’s health.
Fungi are everywhere, constantly maintaining and healing the habitats of the world through their unique abilities to disassemble, move, and create nutrients above and below the soil horizon. Today humans are finally beginning to recognize many ways by which we can apply these fungal abilities to managed landscape and habitat regeneration projects.
Mushroom uses different methods to decontaminate polluted spots and stimulate the environment. These methods include - (i) Biodegradation (ii) Biosorption (iii) Bioconversion.
The term ‘Biodegradation’ is used to describe the ultimate degradation and recycling of complex molecule to its mineral constituents. It is the process which leads to complete mineralization of the starting compound to simpler ones like CO2, H2O, NO3 and other inorganic compounds by living organisms.
Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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