Journal of Brain Research: Types of Brain Disorders


The Journal of Brain Research aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Neuroscience.

Your brain is your body’s control center. It’s part of the nervous system, which also includes the spinal cord and a large network of nerves and neurons. Together, the nervous system controls everything from your senses to the muscles throughout your body.

When your brain is damaged, it can affect many different things, including your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions or disabilities that affect your brain. This includes conditions that are caused by:

• illness
• genetics
• traumatic injury

This is a broad category of disorders, which vary greatly in symptoms and severity. Keep reading to learn about some of the largest categories of brain disorders.

different types of brain disorders:

Brain injuries:

Brain injuries are often caused by blunt trauma. Trauma can damage brain tissue, neurons, and nerves. This damage affects your brain’s ability to communicate with the rest of your body. Examples of brain injuries include

• hematomas
• blood clots
• contusions, or bruising of brain tissue
• cerebral edema, or swelling inside the skull
• concussions
• strokes

Brain tumors:
Sometimes, tumors form in the brain and can be very dangerous. These are called primary brain tumors. In other cases, cancer somewhere else in your body spreads to your brain. These are called secondary or metastatic brain tumors.

Brain tumors can be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). Doctors classify brain tumors as grades 1, 2, 3, or 4. Higher numbers indicate more aggressive tumors.

The cause of brain tumors is largely unknown. They can occur in people of any age. Symptoms of brain tumors depend on the size and location of the tumor. The most common symptoms of brain tumors are:

• headaches
• seizures
• numbness or tingling in your arms or legs
• nausea
• vomiting

Neurodegenerative diseases:

Neurodegenerative diseases cause your brain and nerves to deteriorate over time. They can change your personality and cause confusion. They can also destroy your brain’s tissue and nerves.
• Huntington’s disease
• ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), or Lou Gehrig’s disease
• Parkinson’s disease
• all forms of dementia

Mental disorders:

Mental disorders, or mental illnesses, are a large and diverse group of conditions that affect your behavior patterns. Some of the most frequently diagnosed mental disorders are:
• depression
• anxiety
• bipolar disorder
• post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
• schizophrenia

Risk factors:
• have a family history of mental illness
• have or have had traumatic or stressful life experiences
• have a history of misusing alcohol or drugs

Brain disorders diagnosis: 

Your primary care physician or a neurological specialist can diagnose a brain disorder. Mental health disorders are usually diagnosed based on an evaluation of your symptoms and history.

• Pay attention to warning signs
• Get routine medical care.
• Get help when you need it.
• Take good care of yourself.

The Journal emphasizes high-level research and education. Original research articles, reviews, short communications, and letters to the editors in the fields of Journal of Brain Research are welcome. Every effort is made to have a speedy and critical peer-review process.

Submit manuscript directly online as an attachment to this E-mail: All the manuscripts published by Journal of Brain Research are available freely online immediately after publication without any subscription charges or registration.

All the manuscripts published by Journal of Brain Research are available freely online immediately after publication without any subscription charges or registration.

Media Contact
Journal Manager
Journal of Brain Research
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